Blood brain barrier precludes the cerebral arteries to intravenously-injected antisense oligonucleotide
A publication from Jean-Luc Morel in European Journal of Pharmacology
Alternative splicing of the ryanodine receptor subtype 3 (RyR3) produces a short isoform (RyR3S) able to negatively regulate the ryanodine receptor subtype 2 (RyR2), as shown in cultured smooth muscle cells from mice. The RyR2 subtype has a crucial role in the control of vascular reactivity via the fine tuning of Ca(2+) signaling to regulate cerebral vascular tone. In this study, we have shown that the inhibition of RyR3S expression by a specific antisense oligonucleotide (asRyR3S) was able to increase the Ca(2+) signals implicating RyR2 in cerebral arteries ex vivo. Moreover, we tried to inhibit the expression of RyR3S in vivo. The asRyR3S was complexed with JetPEI and injected intravenously coupled with several methods known to induce a blood brain barrier disruption. We tested solutions to induce osmotic choc (mannitol), inflammation (bacteria lipopolysaccharide and pertussis toxin), vasoconstriction or dilatation (sumatriptan, phenylephrine, histamine), CD73 activation (NECA) and lipid instability (Tween80). All tested technics failed to target asRyR3 in the cerebral arteries wall, whereas the molecule was included in hepatocytes or cardiomyocytes. Our results showed that the RyR3 alternative splicing could have a function in cerebral arteries ex vivo; however, the disruption of the blood brain barrier could not induce the internalization of antisense oligonucleotides in the cerebral arteries, in order to prove the function of RYR3 short isoform in vivo.
Boursereau R, Donadieu A, Dabertrand F, Dubayle D, Morel JL.
Eur J Pharmacol. (2015) Jan. 15